To establish a defamation claim in California, you must prove four facts:
- That someone made a false statement of purported “fact” about you:
- That the statement was made (“published”) to a third party;
- That the person who made the statement did so negligently, recklessly or intentionally; and,
- That as a result of the statement, your reputation was damaged.
California law recognizes two types of defamation: libel and slander. The main difference is whether a defamatory statement was made verbally (constituting slander) or in writing (constituting libel).